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Covered Combination - Covered Combination SpreadsCovered Combination Option Spread Profit Loss Graph

The Covered Combination is a Neutral to Bullish strategy. In a Covered Combination an investor will buy shares of the underlying security and then sell At-the-Money (ATM) or Out-of-the-Money (OTM) call(s) and at the same time sell the same number of OTM put(s). The Covered Combination could also be referred to as a Covered Short Strangle. By selling the same number of OTM call(s) and OTM put(s), an investor will increase the premiums received from the options thus increasing the potential return and downside protection as compared to a standard ATM or OTM covered call. This helps the investor potentially maximize profit. If the stock does drop slightly, the investor might have more stock put to them at a favorable price (Put strike price).
Covered Combination Option Spreads Buy shares of the underlying security
Sell a near term OTM call (no more than 2 strikes out).
Covered Combination Option Spreads Sell the same number of near term OTM puts (no more than 2 strikes out).
The net investment is the overall net debit (stock price - total net credit).
Covered Combination Option Spreads The maximum profit occurs at assignment of the short call (stock appreciation + net credit).
The maximum risk occurs if the stock drops to 0 ([Loss on stock + Put buy back cost] - total premium).
Covered Combination Option Spreads The break even is the stock price minus the premiums received.*
Calculations for the Combination Spread Strategy are:
Net Credit = Call Premium + Put Premium
Downside Protection = Net Credit ÷ Stock Price
Max Risk = (Stock Price + Put Strike) - Net Credit (if Stock Drops to 0)
Max Profit = Return if Assigned on Short Call where:
% If Assnd (Call) = [Net Credit + Appreciation on Stock] ÷ [Stock Price - Net Credit + Put Strike]
Where Appreciation on Stock = Call Strike - Stock Price
% If Assnd (Put) = [Net Credit - Depreciation on Stock] ÷ [Stock Price - Net Credit + Put Strike]
Where Depreciation on Stock = Stock Price - Put Strike
% If Unchanged = Net Credit ÷ (Stock Price - Net Credit + Put Strike)
* Break Even = Stock Price - Net Credit
When the total Net Credit is less than the difference of Stock Price - Put Strike Price
* Break Even = [{(Put Strike) - (Stock Price - Net Credit)} ÷ 2] + (Stock Price - Net Credit)
If the total Net Credit is greater than the difference of Stock Price - Put Strike. The second Break Even calculation reflects the potential buy back cost of the Short Put if the stock drops.
Example: Stock XYZ at $40.04 per share.
Buy 100 shares XYZ at $40.04
Write (Sell) the MAY 42.5 Strike Call @ $1.15
Write (Sell) the MAY 37.5 Strike Put @ $1.10
Total Net Credit = ($1.15) + ($1.10) = $2.25
Downside Protection = $2.25 ÷ $40.04 = 5.6%
Max Risk = ($40.04 + $37.50) - $2.25 = $75.65 (if Stock goes to $0)
Max Profit = $2.25 + $2.46 = $4.71
% Return if Assigned (Call) = ($2.25 + $2.46) ÷ ($40.04 - $2.25 + 37.5) = 6.2%
% Return if Assigned (Put) = ($2.25 - $2.54) ÷ ($40.04 - $2.25 + 37.5) = -0.38%
% If Unchanged = $2.25 ÷ ($40.04 - $2.25 + 37.5) = 2.9%
Break Even = $40.04 - $2.25 = $37.79
Since the Net Credit is less than (Stock Price - Put Strike), the first Break Even equation applies. If the Net Credit in this example was greater than (Stock Price - Put Strike), we would apply the second Break Even equation.
Advantages of this strategy:
Greater combined net credit increases downside protection and potential return.
Assignment on OTM call allows investor to lock in higher profits
Combinations can be profitable in sideways or rising markets.
If shares of stock are put to the investor, they receive the shares at a discount and can easily sell calls against the new shares increasing covered call potential.
Losses are limited in the combination option strategy if the stock goes against you one way or the other.
Cautions with this strategy:
Limited Maximum Profit on the upside.
Reserve funds may be needed in order to cover the sale of the short put.
If the stock drops suddenly, the investor may have the stock put to them early.
Covered Combinations should only be traded on stocks that are bullish.
If the stock continues to drop, the investor may need to liquidate the position to avoid further losses.


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Covered Combination - Covered Combination Spreads - Covered Combination Option Spreads